Medicinal Plants & Their Uses

Medicinal Plants & Their Uses

Apart from medicinal use, Ayurvedic herbs can also be used for purposes like pest control, natural dyes, and formulation of food items, teas and perfumes among others. If we look at various researches from across the world, a sudden spurt in cases of people turning to natural herbs for treatments and usage in everyday life has gone up significantly. Going back to the basics, people have realized the threat chemically treated products pose to their life and are rightly so adopting healthier ways of life by including Ayurveda and its principals as the mainstay of their life.


Hindi Name English Name Botanical Name Uses
Adusa/Vasaka Malabar Nut Adhatoda vasica Nees Cough, Asthma, Bronchitis
Ananas Pineapple Ananas comosus Sore Throat, Diabetes, Heart Disease, Obesity
Babool Indian Gum Acacia arabica Willd Oral Care, Bleeding Gums, Wounds
Brahmi Thyme leafed gratiola Bacopa monniera Pennel Enhances Memory, Anxiety
Dhaniya Coriander Coriandrum sativum Linn Useful in Indigestion, Flatulence, Controls Spasmodic Pain
Kalmegh Kalmegh Andrographis paniculata Indigestion, Acne, Diarrhea
Lashun Garlic Allium sativum Ringworm, Dysentery, Wounds
Nagarmotha Nut Grass Cyperus rotundus Linn Fever, Diabetes, Solar Dermatitis
Punarnava Spreading Hogweed Boerhaavia diffusa Linn Anemia, Liver Diseases, Wounds, Kidney health
Shalparni Shal Leafed Bush Desmodium gangetium DC Analgesic, Anti-Inflammatory
Tulsi Holy Basil Ocimum sactum Linn Indigestion, Heart health, Respiratory Diseases
Vridhadaru Elephant Creeper Argyreia speciosa Sweet Diabetes, Skin Diseases, Wounds
Agarkasth Eagle Wood Aquilaria agallocha Roxb Bed-Wetting, Incontinence of Urinary Bladder
Ankol Sage leaf alangium Alangium salvifolium Traditionally used in Snakebite, Scorpion Bite, Dog Bite
Badi Elaichi Greater Cardamom Amomum subulatum Pennel Bronchitis, Asthma, Appetizer, Digestant
Chirchita Prickly chaff flower Achyranthes aspera Indigestion, Cough, Asthma, Liver health
Elaichi Lesser Cardamom Elettaria cardamomum Maton Nausea, Vomiting, Dry Cough
Kanghi Country Mallow Abutilon indicum Nervine tonic, Joint Disorders, Increases Strength
Malakangini Staff Tree Celastrus paniculatus Willd Muscle Cramps, Backache, Osteoarthritis, Hair care
Neem Margosa Tree Azadirachta Indica A. Juss Skin health, Eye Disorders, Bloody Nose, Intestinal Worms
Pyaj Onion Allium cepa Linn Prostate health, Digestive,
Shatavari Asparagus Asparagus racemosus Willd Infertility, Loss Of Libido, Uterine health, Improves Lactation
Ulatkambal Devil’s Cotton Abroma augustum a Gynaecological Problems, Irregularity In Periods
Yavasa Camel Thorn Alhagi camelorum Rheumatism, Vomiting, Stomachache, Constipation
Akarkara Pellitory Anacyclus pyrethrum Toothache, Dryness Of The Mouth, Throat, Catarrh, Loss of libido
Ashgandh Winter Cherry Withania somnifera Dunal Stress Tolerance, Immunity, Joint Pains, Skin health
Bael Bengal Quince Aegle marmelos Corr. Dysentery And Diabetes, Coolant, Gut health
Chitrak Leadwort Plumbago zeylanica Linn Arthritis, Skin Diseases, Menstrual Disorders, Obesity
Ghee Kunwar Aloes Aloe vera Tourn ex. Linn Ulcers, Burn Injuries, Jaundice, Acne, Women’s health
Ketaki Crepe Ginger Costus speciosus (Koeing) Sm. Obesity, Hyperlipidaemia, Diabetes
Mandukparni Gotu Kola Centella asiatica Urban Improves memory, Brain health, Hair care,
Palasha Flame of forest Butea monosperma Kuntze Complexion of Skin, Worm Infestations, Roundworm
Ratti Rosary Pea Abrus Precatorius Joint Pains, Fungal skin infections, Alopecia
Shirish Siris Tree Albizia lebbeck (Linn) Benth Pennel Bronchial Asthma, Detoxification
Bach Sweet Flag Acorus calamus Flatulent Colic, Atonic Dyspepsia, Ulcers
Amaltas Indian Laburnum Cassia fistula Linn Mild laxative, Ulcers, Wounds
Ashok Sorrowless tree Saraca indica Menstrual Irregularities, Uterine Stimulant
Bharangi Bharangi Clerodendron serratum Moon Common Cold, Chronic Sinusitis, Allergic Rhinitis,
Chitvan Dita Alstonia scholaris Skin Ulcers, Fever, Increasing Lactation
Guggulu Indian Bdelium Commiphora mukul Engl Joint Disorders, Heart Diseases, Hypolipidaemic,
Kadirkasth Cutch Tree Acacia catechu Willd Skin & Respiratory Problems, Oral Hygiene, Astringent
Meetha Vish Monks hood Aconitum ferox Fever, Diuretic Action, Arthritis
Patha Velvet Leaf Tree Cissampelos pareira Linn Ulcers, Sinuses, Skin Diseases, Poisonous Bites
Senna Indian Senna Cassia angustifolia Vahl Laxative, Constipation, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Weight Loss
Supari Areca Nut/Betelnut Areca catechu Linn Obesity, Hyperlipidaemia, Diabetes, Irregular Menstruation
Vajradanti Barleria Barleria prionitis Linn Strengthens Teeth, Useful in Fever, Catarrh
Amla Indian Gooseberry Emblica officinalis Linn Antioxidant, Antistress, Constipation, Fever
Atees Indian Ateech Aconitum heterophyllum Wall Fever, Respiratory
Bhojpatra Himalayan Birch Betula utilis D. Don Wounds, Obesity
Dalchini Bark Cinnamon Cinnamomum Zeylanicum Breyn Antibacterial, Antiseptic
Jimikand Elephant yam Amorphophallus campanulatus Dysentery, Piles, Haemorrhoids
Kulanjan Greater Galangal Alpinia galanga Flatulence, Dyspepsia, Vomiting, Motion sickness, Catarrh
Mulethi Liquorice Glycyrrhiza glabra Linn Digestive Disorders, Ulcers, Bronchitis, Skin health
Pippali Long Pepper Piper longum Linn Asthma, Cough, Indigestion
Shalai Guggal Indian Olibanum Boswellia serrata Roxb. Joint Pains, Headache, Diabetes
Tamalpatra Cinnamon Leaf Cinnamomum tamala Nees Diabetes, Digestion, Cold
Varun Three Leafed Caper Crataeva nurvala Buch-Ham Kidney Stones, Bladder Stones Prostate health


Benefits & Importance of Medicinal Plants

Ayurvedic herbs are time tested for their health and other benefits. The nutritive value that they pack are highly recommended for their healing powers. Known to induce no side effects, they have a unique aroma and flavor and when consumed regularly, they act as a perfect mechanism to bring about a balanced harmony between mind and body. They rejuvenate the whole system instead of focusing on one specific organ or body part.

  • They have a holistic approach and aid in proper absorption and digestion
  • They are not disease specific but act as a preventive medicine that positively effects the overall health and well-being by boosting the immune system
  • They are at par with allopathic medicines and are at times known to be effective in treating diseases like cancer and autoimmune diseases
  • They are self-contained and nutritive holistic in nature, therefore, are non-toxic and harmless
  • It deals with the overall well-being and aims to bring harmony between mind, body and soul
  • Several metabolic and chronic conditions can be treated without any side effects using Ayurvedic medicines and treatments

Ayurvedic Herbs/Spices & Their Medicinal Values

  • Ayurvedic Herbs and spices such as black pepper, cinnamon, aloe, sandalwood, ginseng, red clover, burdock, bayberry, and safflower are used to heal wounds, sores and boils.
  • To reduce fever and the production of heat caused by the condition, certain antipyretic herbs such as Chirayta, black pepper and sandal wood are recommended
  • Sandalwood and Cinnamon are great astringents apart from being aromatic. Sandalwood is especially used in arresting the discharge of blood, mucus etc.
  • Ajwain, Amalaki, Aswatha etc., serve as antacids and are recommended for healthy gastric acid flow and proper digestion
  • Herbs like Cardamom and Coriander are renowned for their appetizing qualities. Other aromatic herbs such as peppermint, cloves and turmeric add a pleasant aroma to the food, thereby increasing the taste of the meal
  • Herbs like Aloe, Sandalwood, Turmeric, Sheetraj and Khare Khaskhas are commonly used as antiseptic and have very high medicinal values
  • Camomile, Basil, Cardamom, Ginger, Peppermint and Coriander are known to promote blood circulation in the body and keep the heart healthy


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